As of the end of 2019, mainland China’s total population is 1.40005 billion, an addition of 4.67 million from a year earlier.
In 2019, 14.65 million people were born in China, with a birth rate of 10.48‰; 9.98 million people died, with a mortality rate of 7.14‰; The natural growth rate of the population is 3.34‰.
China’s population continued to grow in 2020 to 1,411.78 million persons, increased by 72.06 million persons compared with the population of 1,339.72 million persons in 2010 (data of the Sixth National Population Census), up by 5.38 percent, according to the National Bureau of Statistics in May 2021.
The average annual growth rate was 0.53 percent, down by 0.04 percentage point compared with the average annual growth rate of 0.57 percent from 2000 to 2010. The data showed that the population of China maintained a mild growth momentum in the past decade.
China’s population is likely to start to decline as early as 2022 according to Global Times, ending a five-decade trend of growth, and China may adopt major policy adjustments such as fully lifting birth restrictions and encouraging more births at that poi
China would have an urban population of 1 billion by 2030 according to McKinsey forecast & UN data (2009-2010).
Also by 2030, China will have 221 cities with more than 1 million people. During this period, 400 million Chinese will move to urban areas, more than the population of the US and Brazil combined. (Source: Foreign Policy, August 2010.)
China’s Academy of Sciences estimated that for every 1% increase in urbanization, China can expect a 1.6% increase in the contribution made by domestic demand to China’s GDP.
Population by Household Types.
In China, there were 494.16 million family households with 1,292.81 million persons and 28.53 million collective households with 118.97 million persons.
The average size of a family household was 2.62 persons, or 0.48 person less than the 3.10 persons in 2010. The family households continued to downsize because of increasing population mobility and the fact that young people after marriage lived separately from parents with improved housing conditions.
Population by Regions
The population in the eastern region accounted for 39.93 percent of the total, that in the central areas accounted for 25.83 percent, that in the western region accounted for 27.12 percent and that in the northeast China accounted for 6.98 percent.
Compared with data in 2010, the proportion of the population in the eastern region increased by 2.15 percentage points, that in the central areas decreased by 0.79 percentage point, that in the western region increased by 0.22 percentage point, and that in the northeast China decreased by 1.20 percentage points.
The population further congregated in economically developed regions and city clusters.
Of the national population, 723.34 million persons or 51.24 percent were males while 688.44 million persons or 48.76 percent were females.
The gender ratio (female=100, male to female) was 105.07, basically the same level with a slight decline compared with that in 2010. The sex ratio at birth was 111.3, down by 6.8 compared with that in 2010. The sex composition of China continued to improve.
Population by Age Group
There were 253.38 million persons in the age group of 0 to 14, accounting for 17.95 percent; 894.38 million persons in the age group of 15 to 59, accounting for 63.35 percent; and 264.02 million persons in the age group of 60 and over, accounting for 18.70 percent (specifically, there were 190.64 million persons in the age group of 65 and over, accounting for 13.50 percent).
Compared with 2010, the shares of people in the age groups of 0 to 14, 15 to 59, and 60 and above were up by 1.35 percentage points, down by 6.79 percentage points, and up by 5.44 percentage points respectively.
The share of children rose again but the further aging of the population imposed continued pressure on the long-term balanced development of the population in the coming period.
Urban and Rural Population
There were 901.99 million persons living in urban areas, accounting for 63.89 percent; 509.79 million persons living in rural areas, accounting for 36.11 percent.
Compared with 2010, the urban population increased by 236.42 million and the rural population decreased by 164.36 million.
The share of urban population went up by 14.21 percentage points.
With the in-depth development of China’s new industrialization, informatization and agricultural modernization, and the implementation of the policy to help people who have relocated from rural to urban areas to gain permanent urban residency, China’s new urbanization has been advanced steadily and the urbanization construction has scored historical achievements over the past ten years.